The norwegian country

aurora borealis

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Welcome to our post dedicated to the norwegian country. Questions about Norway? Read our introductory guide to the Nordic Kingdom. Norway has a rich history and heritage. Wondering what modern Norwegian life is like?


Country in Europe


Norway is a country in Scandinavia known for its mountains, glaciers, and coastal fjords. The capital city, Oslo, is famous for its green spaces and museums. Visitors can see preserved Viking ships from the 9th century at the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo. Bergen, another city in Norway, has charming wooden houses and is the starting point for cruises to the beautiful Sognefjord. Norway is also popular for fishing, hiking, and skiing, particularly at the Olympic resort in Lillehammer.

Capital: Oslo

King: Harald V of Norway

Currency: Norwegian Krone

Population: 5.408 million (2021) World Bank

Official language: Norwegian

Prime minister: Jonas Gahr Støre

Dialing code: +47

Whether you’re planning a trip, exploring the culture, tracing your roots, or considering moving to Norway, this is the right place for you.

In fact, we provide comprehensive information and resources about the Scandinavian country. So check out our best content and find what you’re looking for.

salmon sea cages of fish farm in norway
Photo by Holger J. Bub on

Where is the Norwegian country?

Norway is a country in northern Europe. The norwegian country has a long coastline and beautiful mountains. In the end you can easily find it on a map.

What Scandinavia consists of

Scandinavia consists of Denmark, the Norwegian country, and Sweden. While the Nordic countries include Finland and Iceland as well. In particular these countries share a common North Germanic heritage and language. Also the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard is administered by Norway and is home to some remote communities. Learn more about living on Svalbard here.

Government & Politics

flag of norway waving on flagpole
Photo by Andreea Ch on

Norway is a country with a constitutional monarchy. It also shares power between the Parliament, the Cabinet, and the Supreme Court. Additionally in 1814, the constitution was signed, marking an important moment for modern Norway. In fact, independence from Sweden was fully achieved in 1905. So according to the Economist Intelligence Unit, Norway is considered a “full democracy” and received top scores for political rights and civil liberties in the Freedom in the World report from Freedom House.

The Norwegian Parliament in Oslo

Norwegian flag on Stortinget in Oslo

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak spoke to Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Støre on 13 October 2023. The Prime Minister met Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Støre at the Joint Expeditionary Force (JEF) Summit in Gotland today. Since 1961, no party has had a majority in parliament. The first female prime minister of Norway was Gro Harlem Brundtland. She served three terms and was nicknamed “national mother” for her influence.

Geography & Climate of the Norwegian country

teacher teaching students about geography using a globe
Photo by Tima Miroshnichenko on

Norway shares a long border with Sweden. The country is also bordered by Finland and Russia to the northeast. It has a coastline facing the Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea. The climate varies across the country, with the coastal regions being wet and mild, and the inland regions being cooler and drier with longer winters.

deer standing in woods in fall - Geography & Climate of the norwegian country
Photo by David Selbert on

Norway has a diverse natural environment with tall mountains, glaciers, and famous fjords. The country’s coastline and fjords are home to most major towns. Many tourists visit Norway to experience the fjords, climb mountains, and the northern lights in northern Norway. Learn more about the weather in Norway here.

The economy of the norwegian country

Norway has a mix of a market economy and a Nordic welfare model. It has universal healthcare and a comprehensive social security system. Norway is among the countries with the highest per capita income in the world, according to the World Bank and IMF.

Johan Sverdrup oil field at sunset - The economy of Norway

Johan Sverdrup at sunset. (Photo: Equinor)

Oil and gas industry

Norway’s oil and gas industry is crucial for the nation’s economy. It is one of the world’s largest producers of oil and natural gas, second only to the Middle East. This industry plays a significant role, contributing about 25% to Norway’s GDP.

Norway’s economy is in a state of transition

Norway’s economy is changing. Oil and gas won’t last, so the government is investing in other technologies. Renewable energy powers most of Norway’s homes. Seafood, shipping, and tourism are also important industries.

Government Pension Fund Global

The Government Pension Fund Global in Norway is saving money for the future. It is worth more than NOK 10,000,000,000,000. Also the fund is part of the government’s budget. A rule in Norwegian fiscal policy says that the government can only spend the expected return on the fund, which is about 4% per year. So this helps to gradually use the money from oil in the economy. By only spending the return and not the fund itself, it will also benefit future generations.

History of the norwegian country

History of the norwegian country

The Kingdom of Norway, officially known as the Kingdom of Norway, is a Scandinavian country located in Northern Europe. Also with a rich and captivating history, Norway has witnessed the rise and fall of various civilizations and cultures throughout the ages.

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Although often associated with the Vikings, Norway’s history actually predates this renowned seafaring era. The earliest traces of human settlement in the region date back to around 10,000 BCE when the nomadic hunter-gatherers roamed the land. As time progressed, these early inhabitants developed agriculture and established permanent settlements.

Viking Age

During the Viking Age, which roughly spanned from the 8th to the 11th century, the seafaring Norse people of Norway embarked on epic voyages, exploring and colonizing distant lands. So they were known for their advanced shipbuilding skills, navigational expertise, and fearsome warrior prowess. The Vikings left an indelible mark on the culture, language, and heritage of Norway.

Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, Norway united with Denmark and Sweden under the Kalmar Union, a union that lasted for over four centuries. However, Norway eventually gained independence in 1814, albeit joining a union with Sweden until 1905 when it finally became an independent kingdom.


Norway is renowned for its stunning natural landscapes, including majestic fjords, snow-capped mountains, and also picturesque coastal regions. It is also known for its commitment to environmental sustainability, being one of the world leaders in renewable energy sources.

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Norway boasts a high standard of living, with a well-developed welfare system. Additionally there is a strong emphasis on education and equality. In fact it is a progressive and inclusive society, placing importance on gender equality, LGBTQ+ rights, and social justice.

Furthermore, Norway is famous for its cultural contributions, particularly in the fields of literature, art, and music. Also many influential figures have emerged from this land, leaving an enduring impact on the global stage.

The norwegian country in conclusion

In conclusion, the Kingdom of Norway is a country that holds a captivating historical narrative, intertwining ancient civilizations, Vikings, and a fascinating journey towards independence. So its natural beauty, forward-thinking society, and cultural accomplishments make it a truly remarkable nation in Northern Europe.

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